Metformin oral tablet comes in two forms: The immediate-release tablet is available as the brand-name drug Glucophage. The extended-release tablet is available as the brand-name drugs Glucophage XR, Fortamet, and Glumetza. Both tablet forms are also available as generic drugs. Generics usually cost less than brand-name versions. In some cases, they may not be available in all strengths or forms as brand-name drugs.
Metformin oral tablets are used to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type fortamet and glumetza for weight loss diabetes, fortamet and glumetza for weight loss. This drug may be used as part of a combination fortamet and glumetza for weight loss. That means you may need to take it with other drugs. Metformin belongs to a fortamet and glumetza for weight loss of drugs called biguanides. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way.
Female hormones and its functions drugs are often used to treat similar conditions, fortamet and glumetza for weight loss.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your body remove extra sugar from your blood. This lowers your blood sugar levels. If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. Pericarditis and cancer side effects and their symptoms can include the following:.
Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible side effects. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss possible side effects with a healthcare provider who knows your medical history. Metformin may cause a low blood sugar reaction. If you have a low blood sugar reaction, you need to treat it, fortamet and glumetza for weight loss.
You need to eat or drink one of the following:. Test your blood sugar 15 minutes after you treat the low sugar reaction. If your blood sugar is still low, then repeat the above treatment. Once your blood sugar is back in the normal range, eat a small snack if your next planned meal or snack is more than 1 hour later. Low blood sugar can even be fatal. If you pass out because of a low sugar reaction or cannot swallow, someone will have to give you an injection of glucagon to treat the low sugar reaction.
You may need to go to the emergency room. Metformin oral tablet can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well. To help avoid interactions, your doctor should manage all of your medications carefully.
Using certain diabetes drugs with metformin can cause low blood sugar levels. If you start taking metformin, your doctor may reduce your dosage of your other diabetes medications. Examples of these drugs include:. Diuretics are used to lower blood pressure and may increase your blood sugar levels. Taking these drugs with metformin may interfere with the effectiveness of metformin. Nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker used to lower blood pressure.
It increases the amount of metformin in your body, which may increase your risk of side effects from metformin. Taking nicotinic acid with metformin may make metformin less effective in lowering your blood sugar. Taking metformin with drugs used to treat glaucoma may increase your risk of lactic acidosis. Taking metformin with topiramate, which is used to fortamet and glumetza for weight loss nerve pain and seizures, may increase your risk of lactic acidosis.
Taking metformin with phenytoin, which is used to treat seizures, may make metformin less effective in lowering your blood sugar. Taking metformin with cimetidinewhich is used to treat heartburn and other stomach issues, may increase your risk of lactic acidosis. Taking metformin with phenothiazines, which are antipsychotic medications, may make metformin less effective in lowering your fortamet and glumetza for weight loss sugar.
Taking metformin with certain hormone drugs may make metformin less effective in lowering your blood sugar. Taking isoniazid with metformin may make metformin less effective in lowering your blood sugar. Taking metformin with certain thyroid drugs may make metformin less effective in lowering your blood sugar.
However, because fortamet and glumetza for weight loss interact differently in each person, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. Always speak with your healthcare provider about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and fortamet and glumetza for weight loss drugs that you are taking.
This dosage information is for metformin oral tablet. All possible dosages and forms may not be included here. Your dosage, drug form, and how often you take the drug will depend on:. People at these ages have a higher risk of lactic acidosis. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages. Always speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you.
Alcohol can increase your risk of lactic acidosis from metformin. Alcohol may also raise or lower your blood sugar levels. If you have moderate to severe kidney problems, you have a higher risk of lactic acidosis. Liver disease is a risk factor for lactic acidosis. Taking it again could be fatal cause death. For people with liquid vitamin and minerals problems: For people with liver problems: For people who plan to have an imaging procedure: This can affect how your kidneys work and put you at risk of lactic acidosis.
For people with illnesses or plans to have surgery: Tell your doctor if you have a fever or infection, are injured, or plan to have surgery or another medical procedure. They may need to change your dosage of this drug. For people with diabetic ketoacidosis: For people with heart problems: If you have a condition in which oxygen to your heart is decreased, fortamet and glumetza for weight loss, such as recent heart attack or heart failure, your risk of lactic acidosis is higher.
Research in animals has not shown negative effects to the fetus when the mother takes the drug. This drug should only be used in pregnancy if clearly needed. Pregnant women typically take insulin to control their blood sugar level, rather than metformin.
For women who are breastfeeding: This drug may pass into breast milk and may cause side effects in a child who is breastfed. Talk to your doctor if you breastfeed your baby. You may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop taking this medication. The immediate-release form of this drug has not been established as safe and effective for use in children younger than 10 years.
The extended-release form of this drug has not been established as safe and effective for use in children younger than 18 years. Metformin oral tablet is used for long-term treatment.
I f your condition improved while taking this medication regularly and you stop taking it, your symptoms of type 2 diabetes may come back. Your medication may not work as well or may stop working completely. For this drug to work well, a certain amount needs to be in your body at all times. If you take too much: You could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body.
You may have the following symptoms:. But if your symptoms are severe, call or go to the nearest emergency room right away. What to do if you miss a dose: If you forget to take your dose, take it as soon as you remember. Never try to catch up by taking two doses at once. This could result in dangerous side effects. How to tell if the drug is working: Your blood sugar should be near your target range as decided by your doctor.
Your symptoms of diabetes should also get better. Your doctor may have you regularly test your blood sugar levels at home. When used in combination with lifestyle changes, fortamet and glumetza for weight loss, such as improved diet, increased exercise, and not smoking, this drug can help lower your blood sugar levels.