The Massachusetts regulation requiring educational services in the home or hospital is CMR It reads as follows:, home and hospital teaching plan. Such services shall be provided with sufficient frequency to allow the student to continue his or her educational program, as long as such services do not interfere with the medical needs of the student.
The principal shall coordinate such services with the Administrator for Special Education for eligible students. The intent of this regulation on home or hospital instruction is to provide a student receiving a publicly funded education with the opportunity to make educational progress even when a physician determines that the student is physically unable to attend school.
The Special Education Regulations also include a provision relating specifically to students who are likely to be confined to home or hospital for medical gemini and progressed cancer for more than 60 school days in any school year. Please see regulation CMR In this context "public school student" means a student who is enrolled in a public school district or a charter school, or a student who is being educated with public funds in an educational collaborative or an approved private day or residential special education school.
Please see Question 8below, for more detail about students in approved private day and residential special education schools. For example, the school district may home and hospital teaching plan to proceed under the compulsory attendance law if it determines that a student between ages 6 and 16 is not attending school, is not being otherwise educated in a manner approved by the school district, and is not medically unable to attend school.
As required under M. Home and hospital educational services under CMR Please note that there is no required day waiting period before home or hospital instruction can commence if it is likely that the student will be absent from the school-based program for 14 school days or more in the school year.
See also Question home and hospital teaching planbelow. See CMR The Department recommends that the Administrator of Special Education convene the Team meeting within 10 school days after the school district is notified that the student is likely to remain at home or in the hospital for more than sixty days. This provision applies to all eligible students, including private school students who have been determined to need special education.
The school district should determine the number of instructional hours per day or per week based on the educational and medical needs of the individual student. School districts may not preset the number of instructional hours per week provided to students who must remain at home or in the hospital; the decision must be individualized. However, such a reduction in instructional time must be based on the educational benefit received by the student given the home and hospital teaching plan teacher-student ratio.
Service delivery, home and hospital teaching plan, including the time of day the services are to be delivered, should be determined in the best interests of the student and in consideration of the medical circumstances of the student. Instruction that is provided in the home or hospital for public school students under CMR While teacher certification requirements apply to the teachers who are providing the instruction, the teachers do not have to be certified in all subject areas.
However, in all cases the school district must be able to demonstrate that the assigned staff member effectively provides the necessary instruction to the student. If a district requires that an adult is present during homebound instruction, the district should take reasonable steps to ensure that this policy does not conflict with its obligation to provide instruction.
A district could likely avert a potential conflict by arranging for instruction home and hospital teaching plan a time such as late afternoon or evening when an adult would be at home with the student. If a district mental illness and alcohol unable to send an instructor at a time when an adult was at home, it would be permissible for the district to send a staff member to accompany the instructor.
These services must be provided consistent with requirements of CMR Modifications to the IEP can include home or hospital instruction. If a physician indicates to a school district that the student has a medical or health condition that is likely to lead to extended school absence s or an inability to maintain effective educational progress, the school district shall treat such information as a referral home and hospital teaching plan an evaluation to determine eligibility for special education, home and hospital teaching plan.
A Team may find a student eligible for special education based on a chronic or acute health impairment or other disability, as defined in CMR Please see Question 10below. Under Massachusetts law, a private school student who has been determined to be a "school age child with a disability" as defined in G.
The Department recommends that the Administrator of Special Education make every effort to expedite assessment s and the Team meeting so that services may be provided in a timely fashion.
Depending on the circumstances, the private school itself may have an obligation to provide accommodations or services to the student under federal civil rights laws, Section of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act, or under the contract of enrollment between the school and the parents.
The answer depends on the facts of the individual case. Home and hospital teaching plan student with a medical or health condition that is likely to lead to extended school absence s or inability to maintain effective educational progress is a reasonable candidate to be referred to the public school district for initial evaluation to determine special education eligibility. An eligibility determination is an individualized decision that depends on the facts of each case, home and hospital teaching plan.
In most cases, if the Team determines the student is eligible, the type of disability as recognized by federal and state special education law will be a "health impairment" see CMR In some cases, the assessments may indicate other types of disability, home and hospital teaching plan, such as "emotional impairment" or "neurological impairment.
If the student has been evaluated and found eligible for special education, the Team will write an IEP describing the special education and related services that the student needs and the school district will provide.
The IEP may be tailored to address expected time periods when the student is unable to attend school, if that is deemed appropriate to meet the unique needs of the individual student. Additional questions or concerns about the provision of home or hospital educational services for students who are unable to attend school should be directed to the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Program Quality Assurance Services, at Security Portal A-Z Index.
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