High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when your blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. Your blood pressure measurement takes into account how much blood is passing through your blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood meets while the heart is pumping.
Narrow arteries increase resistance. The narrower your arteries are, the higher your blood pressure will be. Over the long term, increased nosebleeds and high blood pressure can cause health issues, including heart disease.
Hypertension is quite common. Hypertension typically develops over the course of several years. But even without symptoms, high blood pressure can cause damage to your blood vessels and organs, especially the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys. Early detection is important. Regular blood pressure readings can help you and your doctor notice any changes. If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor may have you check your blood pressure over a few weeks to see if the number stays elevated or falls back to normal levels.
Treatment for hypertension includes both prescription medication and healthy lifestyle changes. Hypertension is generally a silent condition. It may take years or even decades for the condition to reach levels severe enough that symptoms become obvious.
Even then, nosebleeds and high blood pressure, these symptoms may be attributed to other issues. These symptoms require immediate medical attention. The best way to know if you have hypertension is to get regular blood pressure readings. If you only have a yearly physical, talk to your doctor about your risks for hypertension and other readings you may need to help you watch your blood pressure.
For example, if you have a family history of heart disease or have risk factors for developing the condition, your doctor may recommend that you have your blood pressure checked twice a year. This helps you and your doctor stay on top of any possible issues before they become problematic.
Primary hypertension is also called essential hypertension. This kind of hypertension develops over time with no identifiable cause. Most people have this type of high blood pressure. Researchers are still unclear what mechanisms cause blood pressure to slowly increase. A combination of factors may play a role. Secondary hypertension often occurs quickly and can become more severe than primary hypertension.
Several conditions that may cause secondary hypertension include:. Diagnosing hypertension is as simple as taking a blood pressure reading. If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor may request you have more readings over the course of a few days or weeks. A hypertension diagnosis is rarely given after just one reading. Your doctor needs to see evidence of a sustained problem. Also, blood pressure levels change throughout the day. If your blood pressure remains high, your doctor will likely conduct more tests to rule out underlying conditions.
These tests can include:. These tests can help your doctor identify any secondary issues causing your elevated blood pressure. They can also look at the effects high blood pressure may have had on your organs. During this time, your doctor may begin treating your hypertension. Early treatment may reduce your risk of lasting damage.
Two numbers create a blood pressure reading:. A blood pressure reading is taken with a pressure cuff. An ill-fitting cuff may deliver inaccurate readings. Blood pressure readings are different for children and teenagers. A number of factors nosebleeds and high blood pressure your doctor determine the best treatment option for pancreatic cancer and nursing care. These factors include which type of hypertension you have and what causes have been identified.
If your doctor diagnoses you with primary hypertension, lifestyle changes may help reduce your high blood pressure. If your doctor discovers an underlying issue causing your hypertension, treatment will focus on that other condition. Sometimes, hypertension is persistent despite treatment for the underlying cause. In this case, your doctor may work with you to develop lifestyle changes and prescribe medications to help reduce your blood pressure. Treatment plans for hypertension often evolve.
What worked at first may become less useful over time. Your doctor will continue to work with you to refine your treatment. Many people go through a trial-and-error phase with blood pressure medications. You may need to try different medicines until you find one or a combination of medications that work for you.
Healthy lifestyle changes can help you control the factors that cause hypertension. Here are some of the most common home remedies. A heart-healthy diet is vital for helping to reduce high blood pressure. These complications include heart disease, stroke, and heart attack. Reaching a healthy weight should include being more physically active. In addition to helping you shed pounds, exercise can help reduce stress, lower blood pressure naturally, and strengthen your cardiovascular system.
Aim to get minutes of moderate physical activity each week. If you are overweight or obese, losing weight through a heart-healthy diet and increased physical activity can help lower your blood pressure.
These are all proven stress-reducing techniques. Getting adequate sleep can also help reduce stress levels. If you regularly consume too much alcohol or have an alcohol dependency, seek help to reduce the amount you drink nosebleeds and high blood pressure stop altogether.
Alcohol can raise blood pressure. One of the easiest ways you can treat hypertension and prevent possible complications is through your diet. What you eat can go a long way toward easing or eliminating hypertension. A plant-based diet is an nosebleeds and high blood pressure way to increase fiber and reduce the amount of sodium and unhealthy saturated and trans fat you take in from dairy foods and meat. Instead of red meat, opt for healthier lean proteins like fish, poultry, or tofu.
People with hypertension and those with an increased risk for heart disease may need to keep their daily sodium intake between 1, milligrams and 2, nosebleeds and high blood pressure, milligrams per day, nosebleeds and high blood pressure.
The best way to reduce sodium is to cook fresh foods more often. Avoid eating restaurant food or prepackaged foods, which are often very high in sodium. Studies suggest regularly eating dark chocolate may reduce blood pressure. Women with hypertension can deliver healthy babies despite having the condition. Women with high blood pressure are more likely nosebleeds and high blood pressure develop complications.
For example, pregnant women with hypertension may experience decreased kidney function, nosebleeds and high blood pressure.
Babies born to mothers with hypertension may have a low birth weight or be born prematurely. Some women may develop hypertension during their pregnancies. Several types of high blood pressure problems can develop. The condition often reverses itself once the baby is born. Developing hypertension during pregnancy may increase your risk for developing hypertension later in life. In some cases, pregnant women with hypertension may develop preeclampsia during their pregnancy. This condition of increased blood pressure can cause kidney and other organ complications.
This can result in high protein levels in the urine, problems with liver function, fluid in the lungs, or visual problems. As this condition worsens, the risks increase for the mother and baby. Preeclampsia can lead to eclampsiawhich causes seizures. High blood pressure problems in pregnancy remain an important cause of maternal death in the United States.
Complications for the baby include low birth weight, early birth, nosebleeds and high blood pressure, and stillbirth. There is no known way to prevent preeclampsia, and the only way to treat the condition is to deliver the baby. If you develop this condition during your pregnancy, nosebleeds and high blood pressure, your doctor will closely monitor you for complications. Because hypertension is often a silent condition, nosebleeds and high blood pressure can cause damage to your body for years before symptoms become obvious.
Healthy arteries are flexible and strong. Blood flows freely and unobstructed through healthy arteries and vessels. Hypertension makes arteries tougher, tighter, and less elastic. This damage makes it easier for dietary fats to deposit in your arteries and restrict blood flow.
This damage can lead to increased blood pressure, blockages, and, eventually, heart attack and stroke. Hypertension makes your heart work too hard. Your brain relies on a healthy supply of oxygen-rich blood to work properly. Uncontrolled hypertension may also affect your memory and ability to learn, recall, speak, and reason.