Lung cancer is a disease in which malignant or dangerous cells form in the tissue of the lungs. As more of these cells are produced, they can form into a tumor and spread to the surrounding body tissue, lymph nodes, and bloodstream. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths for both men and women and the second most common cancer in the United States.
More thannew cases of lung cancer are diagnosed each year in the U. There are two main types of lung cancer: Although smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, other risk factors include a family history of the disease and exposure to radiation, asbestos, and arsenic. There are many possible causes of lung cancer, but the biggest risk factor by far is smoking tobacco.
Other risk factors include exposure to secondhand smoke, radon, and of marijuana and lung cancer. Here are the most common lung cancer causes. Smoking cigars, cigarettes, and pipes. According to the National Cancer Institute NCIwomen who smoke are 13 times more likely and men who smoke are 23 times more likely to develop the disease than those who never smoked.
The smoke from tobacco contains at least 70 carcinogens—i. Cigars contain similar types of carcinogens, but in some cases, the chemicals are present in higher amounts.
Some of these compounds, called tobacco-specific-nitrosamines TSNAsare thought to be among the most cancer-causing substances on Earth. Although smokeless tobacco products like snuff and chewing tobacco are less dangerous than cigarettes, according to the American Cancer Society ACSthey still contain harmful chemicals including high of marijuana and lung cancer of TSNAs and can also of marijuana and lung cancer deadly. The ACS says that more research is needed to see whether the benefits of legalizing marijuana for medicinal purposes outweigh the negatives, of marijuana and lung cancer, but the organization does oppose smoking or vaping marijuana, since the smoke can be harmful.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC estimates that each year, about 7, people who have never smoked before die of lung cancer caused by secondhand smoke. It can build up in homes and other buildings. You can test your home for radon and take steps to reduce your exposure.
Find a test kit through the National Radon Program Services. As is the case with other diseases, lung cancer can run in the family. Usually this is due to treatment for a previous cancer diagnosis that involved either radiation therapy or imaging tests like CT scans to the chest. Working around substances like asbestos tiny fibers found in the insulation of homes and buildingsarsenic a poisonous chemical that kills weedscadmium a metallic element used to make batteries and plasticsnickel, tar, of marijuana and lung cancer, and soot can increase your risk of developing lung cancer.
In other instances, doctors can discover the tumor accidentally—during, for example, a routine X-ray or imaging test. The signs of lung cancer are largely the same in both men and women, but when the symptoms do appear, they often overlap with those found in other illnesses. The study authors say that the lung cancer tumor can irritate or squeeze the air passageways that lead into the lungs. In many cases, chest pain is caused when the lung tumor invades the chest wall, the sides of the cavity that house the heart and lungs, of marijuana and lung cancer.
Some people say that the pain feels more intense when they cough, laugh, or take deep breaths. Because the blood is originating from the lungs and throat, it can also contain air, making it appear as if there are bubbles in it. Called dyspnea, difficulty breathing is another common symptom of lung cancer. The tumor can partially or completely obstruct the airways, triggering breathing problems. Swelling of the neck and face. If a lung cancer tumor presses on meclizine and low potassium vein that connects the heart to the head called the superior vena cava, blood can back up, causing the face and neck to appear swollen.
People with lung cancer can be more likely to have reoccurring chest infections, including pneumonia which can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi and bronchitis usually caused by a virus. Lung cancers are usually caught after they have already spread to other areas of the body, however there are lung cancer screening tests that can detect the disease in its earlier stages.
The ACS says that people may be candidates for lung cancer screening if they are over the age of 55, are in fairly good health, have smoked at least a pack of cigarettes a day for 30 years or two packs a day for 15 years, and are either still smoking or have quit within the last 15 years.
Diagnosing lung cancer is largely the same for both types of the disease. Doctors will typically look for abnormal lung growths by using an X-ray; if they spot something suspicious, they may also order a CT scan, which uses many X-rays to show a more detailed image of your chest, of marijuana and lung cancer. Other options include a positron emission tomography PET scan, which can determine whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or other organs, and a bone scan, which can show if the cancer has spread to the bones.
To get a sample of the suspicious growth, doctors take a biopsy by using a hollow needle that is inserted into the chest wall, of marijuana and lung cancer. The diagnosis is made after the cells are examined for cancerous growths under a microscope. The 10 Worst Jobs for Your Lungs, of marijuana and lung cancer. These cancers can typically be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, or a combination of these options.
Small lung cancer grows at a faster rate than the non-small cell kind. Adenocarcinoma is often found in outer parts of the lungs and tends to grow at a slower rate than other types of lung cancers. Also called epidermoid carcinoma, this type of cancer begins in the squamous cells, which of marijuana and lung cancer located in tissues of the respiratory tract, digestive system, and more.
Viewed under a microscope, squamous cells are thin, flat cells that resemble fish scales. Squamous cell carcinomas are often found near a main air passageway leading into the lungs. Small cell lung cancer.
The most common form of SCLC is small cell carcinoma, which is almost always caused by smoking. All small cell lung cancers tend to be more common in men than women. Oftentimes, these cells first form in the airway passages in the center of the of marijuana and lung cancer before quickly multiplying into large tumors. These cells are very small, but they spread or metastasize faster than non-small cell lung cancers. They eventually reach other areas of the body, including the brain and liver.
Combined small cell lung cancer. The combination of a small cell carcinoma with a non-small cell lung cancer, like adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or large cell carcinoma. The stage of your lung cancer—stage 1, 2, 3, or 4—will help experts determine what type of treatment you should receive and how the cancer may progress, of marijuana and lung cancer.
The T denotes the size of the main tumor; the N signifies whether the cancer has spread to of marijuana and lung cancer nearby lymph nodes structures that contain immune cells ; and the M refers to how far the cancer has metastasized or spread.
Each letter will then be assigned a number, which will further describe the size of the tumor, how far the cancer has spread into the lymph nodes, and whether the cancer has metastasized to other body parts. Higher numbers mean the cancer is more advanced; lower numbers mean the cancer is less advanced.
In stage 4 non-small cell lung cancer IV NSCLCthe cancer has metastasized, or spread to other parts of the body, including the lymph nodes, liver, bones, or brain. The tumor itself may be any size. For people who are in otherwise good health, treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy.
Our bodies contain hundreds of lymph nodes, which are small, bean-shaped structures that carry infection-fighting white blood cells. In some cases, surgery can be performed first, followed by chemotherapy and radiation.
In other instances, treatment starts with chemo and radiation and may be followed by surgery. It may be possible to surgically remove the cancer from the lung or remove the entire lungand doctors may be able to remove the lymph nodes that are harboring cancerous cells too.
What Are Lymph Nodes? Some people may only of marijuana and lung cancer to have surgery to remove the part of the lung that contains the tumor. In these cases, doctors may be able to remove the inulin and diabetes melitis and nearby lymph nodes. After the procedure, of marijuana and lung cancer, people may also receive chemotherapy and sometimes radiation. For people with extensive stage SCLC—in which the disease has spread throughout the body—chemotherapy can help shrink the cancer.
Different stages of non-small cell lung cancer are treated in different ways. People with early-stage cancers may be treated with surgery; operations include a pneumonectomy the removal of the entire lunga lobectomy the removal of one of the five lobes, or sections, of the lungsa wedge resection the removal of part of one lobeor a sleeve resection which is performed on the airways in the lungs. Other lung cancer treatments include chemotherapy, in which an anti-cancer drug is either taken orally or injected into the bloodstream, and radiation therapy, which can kill the cancer cells with high-energy rays think X-rays, but in stronger doses.
Small cell lung cancer is usually treated with both chemotherapy and radiation at the same time. To prevent the cancer from spreading to the brain—something that, without treatment, can occur in about half of people with this disease—doctors will administer low-doses of radiation therapy to the head, called prophylactic cranial irradiation, or PCI. If small cell lung cancer has spread throughout the body, chemo is unlikely to cure the disease, but it can shrink the tumor and help people live longer, with fewer symptoms.
Although lung cancer can be cured, the disease is currently the most fatal cancer in the United States, responsible for an estimateddeaths a year, according to the NCI.
People with lung cancer may be eligible to participate in a clinical trial that is designed of marijuana and lung cancer treat their type of cancer. Lung cancer is the deadliest type lesson plans and complete sentences cancer in the United States.
Even if you currently smoke, quitting will lower your chances of developing lung cancer in the future. You should also try to steer clear of secondhand smoke as much as possible. Other lung cancer prevention tips include lessening any exposure you might have to harmful substances in the workplace and at home. The CDC estimates that nearly one in every 15 houses may have high levels of radon, which can only be detected with a specific type of test.
You can find a kit from the National Of marijuana and lung cancer Program Services. What Is Lung Cancer? Pinterest Facebook ellipsis Peanut allergies and pregnancy.