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Pregnancy and type ii diabetes

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The classic symptoms of diabetes are polyuria frequent urinationpolydipsia increased thirstpolyphagia increased hungerand weight loss. Type 2 diabetes is typically a chronic disease associated with a ten-year-shorter life expectancy. Consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks in excess is associated with an increased risk. There are a number of rare cases of diabetes that arise due to an abnormality in a single gene known as monogenic forms of diabetes or "other specific types of diabetes".

There are a number of medications and other health problems that can predispose to diabetes. However, in the setting of insulin resistance, the liver inappropriately releases glucose into the blood. A random blood sugar of greater than Threshold for diagnosis of diabetes is based on the patio and deck plans between results of glucose tolerance tests, fasting glucose or HbA 1c and complications such as retinal problems.

No major organization recommends universal screening for diabetes as there is no evidence that such a program improve outcomes. A proper diet and exercise are the foundations of diabetic care, [23] with a greater amount of exercise yielding pregnancy and type ii diabetes results.

A diabetic diet that promotes weight loss is important. Vegetarian diets in general have been related to lower diabetes risk, but do not offer advantages compared with diets which allow moderate amounts of animal products. There are several classes of anti-diabetic medications available. Metformin is generally recommended as a first line treatment as there is some evidence that it decreases mortality; [7] [24] pregnancy and type ii diabetes however, this conclusion is questioned.

A second oral agent of another class or insulin may be added if metformin is not sufficient after three months. Rosiglitazonea thiazolidinedione, has not been found to improve long-term outcomes even though it improves blood sugar levels. Injections of insulin may either be added to oral medication or used alone.

Vitamin D supplementation to people with type 2 diabetes may improve markers of insulin resistance and HbA1c, pregnancy and type ii diabetes. Weight loss surgery in those who are obese is an effective measure to treat diabetes.

Women seem to be at a greater risk as do certain ethnic groups, [10] [] such as South AsiansPacific IslandersLatinosand Native Americans. Diabetes is one of the first diseases described [21] with an Egyptian manuscript from c. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Complications of diabetes mellitus, pregnancy and type ii diabetes. Lifestyle causes of diabetes mellitus type 2.

Genetic causes of diabetes mellitus type 2. Prevention of diabetes mellitus type 2. Archived from the original on 26 August Archived from the original on 5 August Archived from the original on 6 March Retrieved 10 February African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences. Archived from the original on 2 February A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis".

Annals of Internal Medicine. World Journal of Clinical Cases. Reed; Kronenberg, Henry M. Williams textbook of endocrinology 12th ed. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 3: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Journal of Biomedical Research. Archived from the original on Exercise and disease management 2nd ed. Progress in Lipid Research. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. The Journal of Nutrition, pregnancy and type ii diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

Journal of Internal Medicine. European Journal of Clinical Investigation. In Feinglos, Mark N. Type 2 diabetes mellitus: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety, pregnancy and type ii diabetes. Current Opinion in Cardiology. Report of a WHO Consultation. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes pregnancy and type ii diabetes. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease 7th ed. Basic Skills in Interpreting Laboratory Data 5th ed.

American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Pregnancy and type ii diabetes of Diabetes Science and Technology. A Systematic Review for the U. Preventive Services Task Force".

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in Adults: Preventive Services Task Force, pregnancy and type ii diabetes. Archived from the original on 9 October Retrieved 7 October Medical Clinics of North America. Archived from the original PDF on A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis".

The management of type 2 diabetes". Systematic Review and Meta-analysis". Archives of Internal Medicine. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 3: Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1: Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.

World Journal of Diabetes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 9: Strippoli, Giovanni FM, ed. Simon, Airin CR, ed. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 7: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity. Journal of Diabetes and its Complications. Principles of diabetes mellitus 2nd ed.

Diseases of the endocrine system E00—E35— Hypoglycemia beta cell Hyperinsulinism G cell Zollinger—Ellison syndrome.

Iodine deficiency Cretinism Congenital hypothyroidism Myxedema Myxedema coma Euthyroid sick syndrome. Endemic goitre Toxic nodular goitre Toxic multinodular goiter Thyroid nodule, pregnancy and type ii diabetes. Primary Secondary Tertiary Osteitis fibrosa cystica. Polycystic ovary syndrome Premature ovarian failure testicular: Hypogonadism Delayed puberty Hypergonadism Precocious puberty Hypoandrogenism Hypoestrogenism Hyperandrogenism Hyperestrogenism Postorgasmic illness syndrome.

Diabetes E10—E14 Blood sugar level Glycosylated hemoglobin Glucose tolerance test Postprandial glucose test Fructosamine Glucose test C-peptide Noninvasive glucose monitor Insulin tolerance test.

Diabetic diet Anti-diabetic drugs Insulin therapy intensive conventional pulsatile Cure Embryonic stem cells Artificial pancreas Other Gastric bypass surgery. Glossary of diabetes Notable people with type 1 diabetes.

Retrieved from " https: Aging-associated diseases Diabetes Medical conditions related to obesity. Views Read View source View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 4 Octoberat

 

Pregnancy and type ii diabetes

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