The classic symptoms of diabetes are polyuria frequent urinationpolydipsia increased thirstpolyphagia increased hungerand weight loss. Type 2 diabetes is typically a chronic disease associated with a ten-year-shorter life expectancy. Consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks in excess is associated with an increased risk. There are a number of rare cases of diabetes that arise due to an abnormality in a single gene known as monogenic forms of diabetes or "other specific types of diabetes".
There are a number of medications and other health problems that can predispose to diabetes. However, in the setting of insulin resistance, the liver inappropriately releases glucose into the blood. A random blood sugar of greater than Threshold for diagnosis of diabetes is based on the patio and deck plans between results of glucose tolerance tests, fasting glucose or HbA 1c and complications such as retinal problems.
No major organization recommends universal screening for diabetes as there is no evidence that such a program improve outcomes. A proper diet and exercise are the foundations of diabetic care,  with a greater amount of exercise yielding pregnancy and type ii diabetes results.
A diabetic diet that promotes weight loss is important. Vegetarian diets in general have been related to lower diabetes risk, but do not offer advantages compared with diets which allow moderate amounts of animal products. There are several classes of anti-diabetic medications available. Metformin is generally recommended as a first line treatment as there is some evidence that it decreases mortality;   pregnancy and type ii diabetes however, this conclusion is questioned.
A second oral agent of another class or insulin may be added if metformin is not sufficient after three months. Rosiglitazonea thiazolidinedione, has not been found to improve long-term outcomes even though it improves blood sugar levels. Injections of insulin may either be added to oral medication or used alone.
Vitamin D supplementation to people with type 2 diabetes may improve markers of insulin resistance and HbA1c, pregnancy and type ii diabetes. Weight loss surgery in those who are obese is an effective measure to treat diabetes.
Women seem to be at a greater risk as do certain ethnic groups,   such as South AsiansPacific IslandersLatinosand Native Americans. Diabetes is one of the first diseases described  with an Egyptian manuscript from c. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Complications of diabetes mellitus, pregnancy and type ii diabetes. Lifestyle causes of diabetes mellitus type 2.
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Diseases of the endocrine system E00—E35— Hypoglycemia beta cell Hyperinsulinism G cell Zollinger—Ellison syndrome.
Iodine deficiency Cretinism Congenital hypothyroidism Myxedema Myxedema coma Euthyroid sick syndrome. Endemic goitre Toxic nodular goitre Toxic multinodular goiter Thyroid nodule, pregnancy and type ii diabetes. Primary Secondary Tertiary Osteitis fibrosa cystica. Polycystic ovary syndrome Premature ovarian failure testicular: Hypogonadism Delayed puberty Hypergonadism Precocious puberty Hypoandrogenism Hypoestrogenism Hyperandrogenism Hyperestrogenism Postorgasmic illness syndrome.
Diabetes E10—E14 Blood sugar level Glycosylated hemoglobin Glucose tolerance test Postprandial glucose test Fructosamine Glucose test C-peptide Noninvasive glucose monitor Insulin tolerance test.
Diabetic diet Anti-diabetic drugs Insulin therapy intensive conventional pulsatile Cure Embryonic stem cells Artificial pancreas Other Gastric bypass surgery. Glossary of diabetes Notable people with type 1 diabetes.
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